Weston Park Museum
Western Bank
Sheffield
S10 2TP

Open Every Day 
Monday-Friday 10am - 4pm
Saturday 10am - 5pm
Sunday 11am - 4pm
Bank Holidays 10am - 5pm

Arctic World and the Treasures gallery are now closed for redevelopment. Look out for our new Ancient Egypt gallery and Sheffield Stories gallery opening in early 2020.

Free Entry

 
Donations Welcome

Weston Park Weather Station

Weston Park Weather station was founded on 1 September 1882 by the Curator of Sheffield Public Museum (now Weston Park Museum), Elijah ‘the prophet’ Howarth. The foundation was in response to regular outbreaks of bacterial infections in Sheffield. It was believed that an understanding of current weather conditions, particularly temperature, would help hospitals predict when future outbreaks were likely to occur.

Black and white photo of Elijah HowarthThe station’s first equipment was purchased on the advice of a small department within the Board of Trade, which would many years later become the Met Office. Weston Park is one of the Met Office’s official climatological stations. It is considered to be particularly important due to the longevity of its continuous daily record, which is one of the longest in the country.

The weather station is still managed and operated by staff at Weston Park Museum. The data is in continuous high demand for studies ranging from building design to population dynamics of long-tailed tits. Today, we record more of Sheffield’s weather than ever before. 

Access to data can be arranged by emailing natural@museums-sheffield.org.uk or telephoning 0114 2782648. Please note there may be an administration charge for providing certain types of data.

Follow us on Twitter @WPWeather
J W Baggaley 1937 at the weather station

Station Details:

Station Number: 4061
Latitude: 53°23’ N
Longitude: 1°29’ W
NGR: SK1339873
Height of anemometer above mean sea level: 141m
Height of cistern above mean sea level: 137m

Data elements:

We can provide daily summaries from 1882 until the present day. We also provide hourly summaries from June 2009.

  • Temperature (Air temperature, maximum, minimum, grass minimum, 30cm depth and 100cm depth)
  • Air Pressure (at station height and at sea level)
  • Rainfall
  • Windspeed and direction (at 09:00UTC and maximum gust)
  • Humidity
  • Sunshine (Hours of sun, Solar Energy (from Nov 2019), Radiance (from Nov 2019)
  • Snow depth (not a comprehensive record)

Means and Extremes

Hottest Temperature: 35.1°C (25/07/2019)
Coldest Temperature: -14.6°C (08/02/1895)
Warmest Day (average): 27°C (03/08/1990)
Wettest Day: 119.2mm (15/07/1973)
Strongest Gust: 96mph (16/02/1962)

Warmest Month: July 2006 (20.0°C)
Coldest Month: February 1895 (-3.9°C)
Wettest Month: June 2007 (285.6mm)
Driest Month: September 1959 (0.6mm)

Warmest Year: 2011 (11.0°C)
Coldest Year: 1892 (7.8°C)
Wettest Year: 2012 (1130.9)
Driest Year: 1887 (488.5mm)

30 Year Averages (1981-2010)

Month

Average
Maximum
Temperature
(°C) 

Average
Minimum
Temperature
(°C)

Mean
Temperature
(°C)

Average
Rainfall
(mm)

Average
Sunshine
(hours)

Average number
of days with rain

January

6.7 

1.8 

4.3 

84 

46 

19 

February

7 

1.7 

4.4 

60 

69 

16 

March

9.7 

3.3 

6.5 

64 

111 

18 

April

12.4 

4.7 

8.6 

65 

142 

14 

May

16 

7.4 

11.7 

54 

186 

14 

June

18.7 

10.4 

14.6 

76 

179 

14 

July

21.1 

12.6 

16.8 

57 

200 

13 

August

20.6 

12.3 

16.5 

66 

186 

14 

September 

17.6 

10.2 

13.9 

65 

137 

13 

October

13.5 

7.5 

10.5 

81 

92 

17 

November

9.5 

4.5 

79 

54 

18 

December

6.9 

2.2 

4.6 

87 

40 

18 

Annual

13.3 

6.6 

10 

69.8 

120.2 

15.7 

 

 

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